Before Hugo Chavez’ election in 1999:

  • 65% of Venezuelan people lived below the international poverty line
  • Only 30% could afford meat, coffee & basic goods
  • 1.5 million adult Venezuelans were illiterate
  • Nearly half the population was forced to live in the barrios

By 2013, the year of Hugo Chavez’ death:

  • Poverty had fallen by more than half
  • Food consumption was up by 80%
  • In 2005, the country was declared fully literate
  • Quality housing was declared a right and public housing began to replace the unsatisfactory living conditions